Ahmad al-Kadri, Aleksey Puskhov, Bashar al-Assad, Bassam Hanna, Gazprom, Oil Pipelines, Pipelines, President Bashar al-Assad, Russia, Russia & Syria coop., South Stream, Stroy Trans Gas Company, Syria Natural resources, Syrian Business, Syrian government, Syrian pipelines
The General Commission of Water Resources inked a contract with the Russian Stroy Trans Gas Company to implement the first phase of the Tigris irrigation project.
The first phase includes the establishment of the main pumping station in Ein Diwar area at an overall cost of up to 193 million euro, the equivalent of SYP 30 billion.
The project seeks to draw water from the Tigris River with a total amount of 125 million cubic meters annually, with a monthly pumping rate ranging between 10 and 100 cubic meters per second.
Minister of Water Resources Bassam Hanna underscored the economic significance of the project in developing the sprawling eastern region in Syria as, he says, the project is set to irrigate a new area extending over 150,000 hectares and an old one of 64, 000 hectares.
This brings the total area irrigated by the project to somewhere near 214,000 hectares, a high and important percentage compared to standing projects on the Euphrates, the minister said.
Speaking to journalists about the project, Hanna said that it comes as part of President Bashar al-Assad’s directives to improve the living conditions of citizens, hailing it an important juncture to alter the agricultural landscape in the Tigris and Khabour basin.
He also cited a significant added value to the project which, the minister said, is an important lever to achieve agricultural security.
Minister of Agriculture Ahmad al-Kadri, for his part, said the project is ranked among the significant development projects in a region that primarily depended on the rain downpour for irrigation, highlighting its significance for developing the eastern region.
Charge d’affaires of the Russian embassy in Damascus told journalists that the project whose phases are slated for completion will ensure more opportunities to the residents of the eastern area to develop agriculture there, citing a pressing need in Syria to improve agricultural conditions during times that see lack of rain.
SOURCE: SANA / Ismael – 1/7/2014
Russia and Austria have agreed on a joint company to construct the Austrian arm of the $45 billion South Stream gas pipeline project, which is expected to deliver 32 billion cubic meters of Russian gas to the country, bypassing Ukraine.
At Tuesday’s meeting in Vienna, the creation of South Stream Austria was announced.The company will be 50 percent owned by Gazprom, Russia’s largest gas producer, and 50 percent by Austria’s OMV Group, the country’s largest oil and gas company.
Construction on the Austrian section is expected to begin in 2015 and that the first deliveries will start in 2017, reaching full capacity in January 2018.
OMV spokesman Robert Lechner was more optimistic, and said the first South Stream deliveries could come as early as 2016.
In April, Gazprom and the OMV Group signed a memorandum to implement the South Stream project in Austria.
At Tuesday’s meeting in Vienna, OMV CEO Gerhard Roiss said that South Stream fully complies with EU legislation.
“This project- investment in European energy security- will fully comply with EU legislation,” Roiss said, as quoted by ITAR-ITASS.
There has been controversy over South Stream, as is it needs EU approval so that it doesn’t violate Europe’s ‘Third Energy Package’, which says a company cannot both own and operate pipelines within the European Union.
Ahead of Putin’s visit to Vienna, Austrian ministers said they remained committed to Russia’s South Stream project and that they plan to speed it up.
The geopolitical conflict in Ukraine has also complicated the South Stream project, as EU energy lobbying groups are campaigning against the project, to lessen Europe’s dependence on Russia.
“So far [Austria, Ed,] takes a very clear position, avoiding pressure from the European Commission and in general, public opinion in Europe that wants to halt or even stop the project. At the same time it [Austria, Ed] has enough political clout to promote this project. It’s not Bulgaria, which on its own cannot defend itself,” Fyodor Lukyanov, Chairman of Russia’s Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, said on Monday.
South Stream will deliver gas to Europe bypassing Ukraine, which is seen as an unreliable transit state.
After switching Ukraine to a prepayment system, Russia and Gazprom fear Ukraine will start to siphon gas supplies headed towards Europe, as the country did in 2006 and 2009. Miller worries Ukraine may resort to this tactic in winter, once it runs out of its underground storage supplies of natural gas.
“If Ukraine begins to siphon off gas, we will increase supplies via North Stream, and maximize the load through Yamal-Europe,” Aleksey Miller, CEO of Gazprom, said Tuesday in Vienna.
The 2,446 km pipeline will stretch across southern and central Europe and will transport over 64 billion cubic meters of natural gas to Europe per year.
Gazprom has said the project, estimated to cost $45 billion, can be completed without any funding from international partners.
Gazprom is Russia’s largest producer of natural gas and provides roughly one third of Europe’s gas needs.
The head of the Russian Duma’s International Affairs Committee, Aleksey Puskhov, wrote on Twitter on Tuesday that “Ukraine is in a long-term phase of unpredictability. Thus, South Stream is the only guarantee of uninterrupted gas supply to Europe.”