Representatives from Iran, Russia, and Turkey have started Syria ceasefire talks in the Kazakh capital, Astana. Both the Syrian government and the opposition have sent delegations to Astana. U.S. and Jordanian representatives will be monitoring the process. The United Nations Security Council has already voiced support for a Syrian-led, Syrian-owned political process. Syria’s warring factions have held four rounds of negotiations in Kazakhstan since January in parallel to the UN-mediated peace talks in Switzerland. During last month’s talks in Astana, Iran, Russia, and Turkey agreed on establishing de-escalation zones in Syria’s mainly militant-held areas. The deal, which came into force on May the fifth, called for the cessation of hostilities between Syria’s warring factions.